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【托?!客懈?谡Z低分段評分標準及反面素材

2019-04-15 07:36

來源:沈陽新東方

作者:小編

?沈陽新東方為您帶來托福英語知識點大全,希望對大家有所幫助 

  各位同學大家好,今天的托??谡Z我們主要為大家解讀低分段綜合口語回答,并給出綜合口語備考方案,那廢話不多說,我們就趕緊開始吧。

  首先還是以之前講解過的綜合第三題為例,來講解低分段評分標準。

  Reading

  Announcement from the President

  The university has decided to increase tuition and fees for all students by approximately 8 percent next semester. For the past five years, the tuition and fees have remained the same, but it is necessary to increase them now for several reasons. The university has many more students than we had five years ago, and we must hire additional professors to teach these students, We have also made a new commitment to research and technology and will be renovating and upgrading our laboratory facilities to better meet our students’ needs.

  Listening

  Man: Great, now we have to come up with more money for next semester.

  Woman: Yeah, I know, but I can see why. When I first started here, classes were so much smaller than they are now. With these many students, it's hard to get the personal attention you need.

  Man: Yeah, I guess you're right. In some classes I can't even get a seat. And I couldn’t take the math course I wanted to because it was already full when I signed up.

  Woman: And the other thing is, well, I am kind of worried about not being able to get a job after I graduate.

  Man: Why? You're doing really well in your classes, aren't you?

  Woman: I'm doing OK, but the facilities here are so limited. There are some great new experiments in microbiology that we can’t even do here. There isn't enough equipment in the laboratories, and the equipment they have is out of date. How am I going to compete for jobs with people who have practical research experience? I think the extra tuition will be a good investment.

  Speaking

  the woman expresses her opinion of the announcement made by the university president. State her opinion and explain the reasons she gives for holding that opinion.

  Key points from reading

  ? University announces to increase tuitions

  ? Reason 1: more students/more professors

  ? Reason 2: renovate and upgrade lab facilities

  key points from listening

  ? Agree

  ? Classes are overcrowded, so students cannot get personal attention.

  ? Lab facilities are limited right now, so she cannot get the practical lab experience she will need to compete for a job.

 Sample Response 1

  It shows that the university has increased the tuition fee, but the student also can get a lot of benefit from the actual fees. For example, this woman mentioned the class he attended is much smaller than before, before she even can get a seat. The second one is the university can provide better qualification, and it is helpful to looking for a good job. For example, before the university’s facility is limited, and a lot of thing is out date, it is…

  Sample Response 2

  She is right increasing tuition because her opinion is the class is smaller, and more professor can’t teach them, and her major is biology, it is especially needs the smaller class, so she is very, her opinion is agree with this situations.

  音頻聽完了相信大家應該能夠判斷出sample 1不管是從句子的完整性、回答的長度還是語言的清晰度來說都比sample 2要好一些,甚至比起我們上期聽的三分典型回答的語言表達也要稍好一些,可是考生的語言運用還不夠準確,并且復述的信息和考試所給材料有較大的出入,所以在實際考試中只能拿到2分的成績。我們來一起看一下ets給出的兩分評分標準

  回答概述

  回答和題目要求有一定關聯,但是回答中遺漏了一些相關信息或不準確的信息。雖然表達中有一些清晰的表達,但是有時回答較模糊,并且不太連貫使意思含混不清。這一分數的回答至少包括右邊列出的兩個特點。

  語言表達

  話語有時較清晰,但是語音、語調或語速上存在問題,聽者需要費力去聽?;卮鹱允贾两K缺乏持續性, 回答不清晰會影響回答部分內容的理解。

  語言使用

  回答在詞匯和語法的使用上有局限性(雖然用了一些復雜結構,但是有錯誤)。這導致了相關論點的表達不夠清楚,內容的連接不夠準確??忌鷥H僅能不假思索地表達一些短語或詞組。

  話題發展

  回答表達了一些相關信息,但是不夠完整不夠準確。不完整是因為回答遺漏了關鍵論點,對關鍵論點指代不明,或重要信息的展開不足?;卮鸩粶蚀_說明考生沒有理解題目的要求。所以為了充分理解所討論的話題,熟悉題目要求就顯得很重要。


  由此可見三分和兩分最大的差別就是考生對于材料中所給出的信息是否能夠準確且完整的進行復述。

  下面我們來分析一下sample 1,這是一個典型的1分回答。我們來看下ets對于1分回答的具體描述。

  回答概述:回答不論是在內容和連貫性上都有一定的局限性,基本和題目的要求沒有聯系?;卮鹪诤艽蟪潭壬喜磺宄?。這一分數的回答至少包括右邊列出的兩個特點。

  語言表達:回答在發音和語調上有較大問題,這使得聽者需要費很大力氣來聽,并且是意思含混不清。表達斷斷續續而且不連貫,回答充滿了頻繁的停頓和猶豫。

  語言使用:語法和詞匯上的局限性嚴重地影響論點的表達。此分數段的考生使用零星的詞匯或較短的句子來表達論點。

  話題發展:回答中相關內容表達有限并且不準確,表達又是一直重復題目要求。

  最后0分回答我們就不用多說啦,依舊和獨立口語一樣,如果我們保持沉默不回答,或者回答與題目要求無關就只能拿0分。

  如果同學們想在綜合部分想沖擊高分,除了較好的表達能力之外,最主要的還是要有過硬的閱讀和聽力實力,這樣才能理解閱讀材料和聽力材料的要點并準確的回答問題。如果讀不懂、聽不懂那么就只能得到2分或者1分了,所以在平常的練習過程當中,切莫一味依賴模版,提升整體復述總結能力才是王道。最后給大家幾個小小的備考tips:

  托??谡Z備考tips

  1.培養skimming能力,快速理解閱讀文本的主要內容(如第三題中主要抓學生建議、學校觀點及簡單理由,第四題主要抓術語的概念)并適當做筆記。

  2.訓練listening for details,抓聽力材料中的主要內容(第三題主要記學生的態度及理由,第四題及例子,第五題記問題及解決方案,第六題只需要記教授所講的概念的兩個點及相關例子即可)

  3.掃讀題干要求

  4.總結模版

  5.精聽后嘗試限時復述聽力材料的主要內容。

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