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【雅思】小作文必備詞匯清單

2019-03-19 18:30

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作者:小編

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雅思小作文在整個作文單項中得分占比不算高,但這也不表示大家就可以輕視它,因為可能你自己都沒有注意到自己在描述數據時使用的詞匯有多不規范。換句話說,這么簡單的題目,你不精準得高分,對得起自己辛辛苦苦練習的這么多篇作文么!

??今天,小編為大家推薦一篇文章,看完這篇文章,你就能掌握雅思小作文的基本用于與寫法。當然,好成績還是要靠自己勤奮做題訓練,那么我們開始吧!

??引言

??以前寫過一個小作文的不常見表達匯總:“小作文高分冷門詞”,卻一直沒有寫小作文最基礎的詞匯替換。這樣的總結已經非常多,總感覺自己畫蛇添足。

??不過,逐漸發現,還是存在部分的烤鴨,基礎詞匯有些薄弱,或者部分學霸,詞匯量太豐富之后,喜歡亂用,甚至錯用。所以思前想后,還是做一個匯總貼,方便大家查找。

??我也從權威例句中不厭其煩地找到絕對可以適用于小作文地場景,保證其準確性。為了節約篇幅,沒有加上每個例句的中文翻譯。

??大家需要的知道每個例句的中文的話,可以直接全文復制,然后翻譯。微信自帶翻譯功能,是目前我試過地所有機器翻譯中最靠譜的(當然,人工永遠是最精準的。)

??今天的正文有三個部分,詞匯替換匯總,例句示范和常見使用注意事項。再次強調,今天選取的替換不是全部的可能性,而是最常用,最實用,最萬用的表達。

??基礎詞匯

??圖表:chart/ graph/ diagram

??呈現:show/ illustrate/ present/ describes/ indicate/ give information on/ present information about/ demonstrate

??數量:number/ amount/ quantity

??數據:figure/ data/ statistics

??百分比:percentage/ proportion/ rate

??比率:ratio (of A to B)

??占:account for/ represent/ make up/ comprise/ constitute

??排名:rank

??最多:the most/ greatest/ largest/ biggest/ maximum/ majority

??最少:the least/ smallest/ minimum/ minority

??大約:about/ around/ approximately/ nearly/ just under/ just over/ roughly/ almost

??區間段:period/ time span/ decade/ score years

??總和:amount to/ total/ add up to/ number

??上升:rise/ increase/ go up/ grow/ jump/ surge/ shoot up/ rocket/ climb/ upsurge (n.) / soar/ leap

??下降:drop/ decrease/ go down/ decline/ fall/ sink/ dip/ plunge/ plummet/ slump

??波動:fluctuate/ be unstable

??不變: remain constant / stay unchanged / remain stable/ reach a plateau/ level off/ stabilize

??達到:reach

??在:stand at

??超越:outnumber/ exceed/ surpass/ overtake

??劇烈:dramatically/ sharply/ significantly/ considerably / substantially / noticeably/ markedly

??迅速:abruptly/ rapidly

??輕微:slightly/ marginally/ fractionally

??逐漸:moderately / gradually/ progressively/ steadily

??頂點:reach a peak of/ peak at/ reach the highest level  

??低谷:reach bottom/ reach the lowest point/ hit a low of/ bottom out at

??反彈:rebound/ rally/ bounce back

用法示范

??Figures released indicate a 2% increase in unemployment in the south east.

??Across the country this year's pass rate soared to 96 per cent - the 22nd annual rise in a row.

??Female workers constitute the majority of the labor force.

??Older people comprise a larger proportion of those living poverty.

??Only a small minority of students is/ are interested in politics these days.

??Car production in the USA amounted to around 250,000 vehicles in the first half of 2015.

??The amount of coal used in Australia doubled throughout the whole period.

??The number of cars produced in Japan totaled around 9 million last year.

??Last year, cinema ticket sales in China added up to $6.6 billion.

??The number of cars produced in Japan last year stood at around 9 million, outnumbering the USA (7 million).

??Car production in Japan numbered around 9 million units last year.

??London to Manchester fell from 5 days to one day in the same time span.

??The population figures for India rose by 12% over the two decades.

??The month of June has seen a big upsurge in visitors to the area.

??Prices have shot up to $40 a barrel and are set to rise further.

??The figure for CO2 emissions in The UK dipped slightly by the end of the 30 year period.

??The data for unemployment dropped to 5% in 2015.

??By graduation in May, 77 percent of the class had job offers; three months later the figure reached 87 percent.

It now stands at 5.07 million and is forecast to fall below five million by the end of the decade.

??Today, the price has sunk below 750 euros per barrel.

??Some experts are warning that prices could slump by up to 30%.

??Quarterly revenues have stabilized within the range of $700 million.

??Production costs have exceeded £60,000.

??Ticket sales have already surpassed the 100,000 milestone.

??Germany rapidly overtook Britainin industrial output.

??Inflation is predicted to drop marginally.

??The economic inflation of the country increased sharply by 20% in 2008.

??The population of these two cities rose significantly in the last two decades and it is expected that it will remain stable during the next 5 years.

??There was an abrupt fall in our sales figures following the bad publicity.

??The country's economic growth is forecast to recover moderately to 3.0% this year.

??Prices have risen steadily.

??Unemployment has fallen again, although the change is less marked than last month.

??Membership has risen but only fractionally compared with the increase in the number of new employees.

??The growth is most noticeable during the first two years.

??The number of viewers reached a peak of 3.8 million/ peaked at 3.8 million in May.

??Carbon dioxide reached its highest level in recorded history last month, at 410 parts per million.

??Asking and effective rental rates may decline another 10% before they reach bottom sometime in 2011.

??Stocks hita year low of 36 cents earlier that day.

??People's lives have improved, and unemployment is bottoming out at about 4%.

??Worldwide semiconductor sales increased 1.4 percent this year, rebounding from a one-third decline last year.

??After falling to an all-time low of 8p ashare, the price has rallied over the past month.

??The savings rate has already started to bounce back and is sure to rise further.

?注意事項

??不合適的表達:ascend/ descend/ raise。前面兩個都是坡度的升降,最后一個是提升,而不是數據的上升。

??表示下降的時候,reduce 其實也不常見,如果一定要使用,請用被動的形式,并且句子本身要有裁減縮減的意思,比如:The number of employees was reduced from 40 to 25.

??常見介詞搭配,有些不規律,比如:figure for/ data for.

??描述數據變化的時候,不是每次都要 to,比如 reach 就直接加上數據即可。

??很多描述變化的動詞,本身就自帶程度,比如 surge 激增,plunge 驟降,所以,可以不搭配副詞修飾,或者搭配相應程度的副詞表示強調和突出。但是,不能搭配反義程度的副詞,比如 plunge slightly,會顯得不倫不類。

??很多表示變化的詞匯,動詞名詞同形,比如 increase/ rise/ fall等,有些則需要變化 grow → growth,有些 soar 只有動詞,有些 upsurge 只有名詞。使用地時候需要辨析清楚。

??所有的類別都無需掌握全部替換,畢竟考試實用主義來講,每個類別知道 3 個左右足矣。即便出現了第 4 次的同樣表達,我們適當重復,無傷大雅。

??上面的列表絕不是很完全的,但是,如果你所“被教”的詞匯,并沒有出現在我的列表中,或許使用的場景不如我所給出的那么常見。

??上面的詞我是一個個確保查到詞典例句,那些你所知道的“難詞”,也記得要不厭其煩地查一下詞典哦,確保使用準確性。

更多雅思英語學習資料,可以打開我們【沈陽新東方】沈陽新東方歡迎各位同學家長的瀏覽和學習。

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